What ESG means in the built environment

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What is ESG?

ESG stands for environmental, social and governance. These topics broadly encompass a range of issues that organisations consider in their operations and reporting to demonstrate their commitment to sustainable and ethical practices. Here’s a breakdown of what each category typically includes:


  • Climate change: Transitioning to net zero considering whole life carbon, circularity and renewable energy.
  • Resource management: Efficient use of energy, water and raw materials.
  • Waste management: Reducing, reusing and recycling waste materials.
  • Biodiversity: Protecting ecosystems and endangered species and delivering environmental net gain.
  • Pollution and emissions: Minimising air, water and soil pollution.
  • Climate resilience: Understanding future climate risk and developing mitigation and adaptation strategies.


  • Labor practices: Fair wages, healthy and safe working conditions and workers’ rights.
  • Diversity and inclusion: Promoting equal opportunities and representation.
  • Community engagement: Investing in and supporting local communities.
  • Human rights: Ensuring operations do not violate human rights.
  • Customer satisfaction: Ethical marketing, data protection and product safety.
  • Health and safety: Ensuring the health and safety of employees and customers.
  • Skills development: Enhancing skills, training and secure employment opportunities.
  • Social value: Optimising positive impacts on communities.


  • Board composition: Diversity, independence and expertise of the board.
  • Ethical conduct: Policy to prevent corruption, bribery and fraud.
  • Transparency: Disclosure practices, reporting and accountability.
  • Remuneration: Fair pay and eradicating pay gaps.
  • Shareholder rights: Protecting shareholder interests and equitable treatment.
  • Risk management: Identifying and mitigating financial, operational and reputational risk.
  • Employees: Protecting their rights and whistleblower protection.
  • Security: Cyber security and customer privacy.

Why is it important to develop an ESG strategy?

Organisations integrating ESG principles aim to create long-term value not just for shareholders, but for all stakeholders, including employees, customers, communities and the environment. Here are just a few reasons why an ESG strategy is increasingly important for companies:

Risk management

  • Identifying and mitigating risks: An ESG strategy helps companies identify potential environmental, social and governance risks that could impact their operations. These include climate-related risks, regulatory changes and social issues such as labour strikes or community opposition.
  • Reputation management: By addressing ESG issues, companies can protect and enhance their reputation, avoiding scandals related to environmental damage, poor labour practices, or unethical governance.

Financial performance

  • Investment attractiveness: Investors are increasingly considering ESG factors when making investment decisions. Companies with strong ESG performance may attract more investment from socially responsible investors.
  • Operational efficiency: Implementing sustainable practices can lead to cost savings, such as reduced energy consumption, waste management costs and improved resource efficiency.

Regulatory compliance

  • Meeting legal requirements: Governments and regulatory bodies are introducing stricter ESG-related regulations. Having a robust ESG strategy ensures that companies stay compliant with current and future regulations, avoiding fines and legal issues.

Competitive advantage

  • Market differentiation: Companies that proactively address ESG issues can differentiate themselves from competitors. This can enhance their brand image and appeal to environmentally and socially conscious consumers.
  • Innovation and opportunities: Focusing on ESG can drive innovation in products, services and business models, opening up new markets and opportunities.

Stakeholder relations

  • Employee engagement: A strong ESG strategy can improve employee morale, attract top talent and reduce turnover by fostering a positive workplace culture and demonstrating corporate responsibility.
  • Customer loyalty: Consumers are increasingly aware of and concerned about ESG issues. Companies that demonstrate a commitment to sustainability and social responsibility can build stronger relationships with their customers.

Long-term sustainability

  • Futureproofing: An ESG strategy helps companies plan for the long-term, ensuring they are resilient and adaptable to changing environmental, social and economic conditions.
  • Sustainable growth: Companies that integrate ESG into their core strategy are better positioned to achieve sustainable growth and long-term success.

Enhanced governance

  • Better decision-making: Strong governance practices lead to more informed and ethical decision-making processes, which can improve overall management effectiveness and corporate governance.

ESG strategy is crucial for companies to manage risks, attract investment, comply with regulations, gain competitive advantage, foster strong stakeholder relations, ensure long-term sustainability and enhance governance. It is an integral part of modern corporate strategy and essential for long-term success in today’s business environment.

What to consider when developing a successful ESG strategy

Developing a successful ESG strategy involves a comprehensive and integrated approach. Here is how you can approach it:

  1. Understand ESG principles and materiality.
  2. Engage stakeholders and identify what matters to them.
  3. Establish governance and commitment.
  4. Set measurable goals and objectives.
  5. Develop your ESG action plan.
  6. Integrate ESG in your policies and business processes.
  7. Monitor, measure and report.
  8. Set up a continuous improvement plan.

Greengage can help you develop, monitor and report your ESG performance. For more information, email amrita.dasgupta@greengage-env.com or read more about our services.

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